Are you thinking about doing Biomedicine? Are you interested in the area, but want to know more about graduation before making such an important decision? Good, you just got to the right place!
In this post, you will discover how the Faculty of Biomedicine works and what its curriculum is, in addition to understanding the differences between Medicine and Biomedicine. Then, we will also see what are the possibilities of biomedical performance in the job market and how is the ideal profile for the professional who intends to enter this branch.
So, are you already excited to understand more about this fascinating profession? Keep following!
What is Biomedicine?
Biomedicine is the health area responsible for researching and understanding the different diseases and epidemics, as well as developing new ways to carry out diagnoses, treatments and preventions.
It can be said that Biomedicine is a fundamental profession for the production of this type of knowledge, being classified as a mixture between the concepts of fields such as Biology and Medicine itself.
The profession focuses, in fact, on researching the defense mechanisms and aggression of the human body, on the identification of causes related to illnesses and also on the development of treatments, such as vaccines and medicines.
The course, offered as a bachelor’s degree, lasts an average of 4 to 5 years. The trained professionals are now governed by the Regional Council of Biomedicine (CRBM), the body that grants all of them the authorization to operate in the market.
In Brazil, the field of Biomedicine has already passed 50 years, and many graduates have already formed notable careers in this field – which is considered a great bet of modern Medicine.
What are the main differences between Biomedicine, Medicine and Biology courses?
Difference between Biomedicine and Medicine
If, on the one hand, the medical school prepares professionals to work directly in hospitals, with a practical emphasis on restoring health and directly curing diseases; on the other hand, the Biomedicine course turns professionals back into the study, research and investigation of diseases, with a majority in laboratories.
For example, a doctor can practice his profession by investigating and diagnosing the symptoms of a new pathology. A biomedist, with these data, is able to conduct laboratory research until reaching a vaccine to combat the disease.
Finally, the profile of Biomedicine is much more related to a researcher, while doctors work directly in the prevention, diagnosis and treatment of illnesses.
This influences a lot in the daily life of each career. Doctors need to have much closer contact with the people they will help, that is, with their patients. Biomedicals, on the other hand, manage to contribute to society in a more distant, but no less important way.
Difference between Biomedicine and Biology
Another common question on the subject is whether Biomedicine is a bit confused with Biology in some aspects. However, although they have their similarities, they also differ a lot.
Biology covers the study of all forms of life, be they animals or plants, large or microscopic. A biologist understands the structure of living organisms, understands the environment in which each life and even knows their origins. In general, the professional has deep knowledge about living beings and all nature.
Biomedicine, in turn, has its research focused on the discovery of diseases only in humans, including causes, treatments and environmental conditions of diseases.
In the course, the student learns to identify the determinants of different diseases and develops ways to combat them. Exam analysis and interpretation of results are also covered.
Therefore, it is possible to notice that the focus of each area is quite different, even though some subjects are common among them.
What are the biomedical performance possibilities in the job market?
The job market is very receptive to a professional trained in Biomedicine since the options are diverse and numerous. In all, according to the Federal Council of Biomedicine, the biomedist can choose from 35 possible qualifications.
The demand for people qualified to overcome these challenges is significant in a country as diverse as Brazil. Thus, the valorization of the professional grows every day, since the incidence and diversification of epidemics and diseases in the national territory require qualification to combat it.
Check below some of the main fields of action of the biomedical.
In this area, the professional’s role is to analyze samples of blood, urine, feces and other materials in order to identify the causes of diseases in those evaluated. One of your responsibilities after the analysis is to issue technical reports.
In some cases, there is an opportunity to take on advisors, heads and even boards for the supervision of this type of activity.
Within the aesthetic sector, the biomedical can work together with plastic surgeons or dermatologists, for example. In such cases, the role may be to develop (and even apply) treatments for skin disorders or disorders.
Teaching and research
The academic career is another possibility for the biomedical, especially for those interested in working with educational institutions. For those who like the classroom environment, it is certainly a great option.
In this case, the choice can be made by both the public and private networks, being able to hold positions as a teacher and research advisor for students or other professionals.
Embryology and reproduction
This is an area dedicated to the study of the formation and development of human gametes. The professional can also specialize in assisted fertilization processes and in the help of causes of infertility – which has gained a lot of space in the market.
It is the branch dedicated to the study of the properties of each medicine, as well as its biochemical or physiological effects on the body. Its relevance is crucial for the prevention and treatment of diseases through drug therapies.
Biomedicine applied to genetics studies how beings develop from their genes, genetic variation and heredity. From DNA tests, for example, one can understand and seek treatments for characteristics, mutations and syndromes.
The Immunology area analyzes how the body’s defense mechanisms against diseases work for the production of vaccines and medicines. It is an alternative for those who like and have a vocation for scientific research.
It consists of studying, diagnosing and treating pathologies, that is, the structural changes that happen in the body in response to some abnormality (disease). It is a type of qualification and activity that complements the work of doctors.
This is a super interesting route for those who studied Biomedicine and are also enchanted by Law.
The area of criminal expertise motivates many students who, when trained, basically must work finding traces to elucidate crimes. The professional is responsible for discovering evidence and evidence to assist the authorities in investigating and resolving the offense in question.
In this field, the biomedist works in the area of health surveillance, organizing health systems and services, controlling the incidence of diseases and acting on determinants of the health-disease process.
Here, the biomedist performs the function of developing and implementing public health programs. It can provide diagnostic data and scientific discoveries for curing and preventing diseases. It is a work of guidance and treatment of the population in general, being very important for maintaining the quality of life of society.
It studies the toxic substances and the effects that their exposure causes in the organisms. Although many chemical compounds are created to help human health, several of them have toxic and undesirable effects, which need to be observed and controlled, otherwise, they can lead to death.
What is studied in the Biomedicine course?
Another type of essential information to decide whether to graduate or not is to seek to know its curriculum structure in order to have a general idea of what will be studied throughout the course. In the case of Biomedicine, among the main subjects present in the curriculum are:
- Human Structure and Function;
- Biomedicine Practices;
- Biological Processes;
- Chemical Foundation;
- Mechanisms of Aggression and Defense;
- Molecular and Genetic Processes;
- Body Systems;
- Biomedical Procedures;
- Genetic Technology;
- Drug Therapy;
- Clinical Analysis;
- Nuclear Medicine and Imaging Diagnosis;
- Toxicological and Environmental Analysis;
- Scientific Methodology;
- Food Analysis;
- Assisted Reproduction;
- Oncotic Cytology;
- Hemotherapy and Blood Bank.
What is the ideal profile for a professional in the field?
Finally, to help you get to know the specifics of your career even better, we list a series of characteristics that make up the biomedical professional profile. Find out below if you identify with them.
The professional needs to be curious. It is this characteristic that stimulates the biomedical researcher and gives that “little push” when things are a little stuck.
The student with the ideal profile is one who enjoys research and investigation, as this is a profession based on practice, and a large part of his workload is dedicated to laboratory activities.
In addition, the professional must demonstrate proactivity in relation to the advances and updating of Medicine and the technologies involved – factors that can strongly impact their performance. In other words, your curiosity should also serve as a motivation to keep up to date.
As it is easy to see, health sciences undergo constant changes. Think about how a particular disease was treated in 1990 and compare it with today, with all the treatments we have available.
There is a considerable difference, isn’t there? Therefore, it is necessary to remember that the knowledge related to the human body is in continuous review and that the biomedical has a fundamental role in this construction.
Another essential thing is to know (or develop the skill throughout the course, of course!) to work as a team since the biomedical does not usually work in isolation. Quite the contrary: the professional is usually part of a multidisciplinary team.
In addition to the previous requirements, the Biomedicine professional needs to be methodical. This means that he needs to get along with procedures and processes, follow logical reasoning to analyze the research results and not assume anything as absolute truth. As your role is high responsibility, this is a special trait.
Anyway, if you are thinking about doing Biomedicine and are really interested in the area, start looking for good educational institutions to take your course. Currently, there are many opportunities for degrees in different modalities, costs and schedules.